In the context of urban sketching, we could be talking about two major angles when discussing people sketching:
- A person or people are the main focus of the sketch
- Adding people to your sketch of a larger scene that’s predominantly focussed on architecture
In this post, we shall discuss point 1, where the focus of the sketch of a person or people, rather than including figures into an urban sketch of a scene.
For a more in-depth discussion of point 2, check out my post “adding figures to your urban sketches”.
This post pulls together everything about people sketching I have researched from around the internet. We will look at what people sketching is, examples and advice from prominent urban sketchers, the best video tutorials on people sketching and how to start practising out on location.
The aim of this post is to be an overall guide to people sketching which you work through and can keep referring back to over time.
What is ‘People Sketching’ ?
Sketching people, in the context of this post, is different from drawing a portrait, or rendering full anatomically correct figures like you would in a life drawing class.
Urban sketchers record the world around them. While some sketchers purely focus on a singular piece of architecture that captures their attention, others like to render entire street scenes and others are more interested in capturing the people around them.
As mentioned, this does not mean a portrait of their face, it may not bear too much resemblance to the person in front of them. In fact, some sketchers blend several people into one person if their subject moves before they’re finished.
Sketching people in this context is about capturing a person in that space and time, doing whatever it is they are doing. It may be one person or a group of people.
Koosje, a co-founder of Sketchbook Skool, demonstrates merging different people into one in her video below about reportage sketching. She goes to a coffee shop to document the people there but obviously people at the counter order their coffee and move off so she shows how she morphs or blends on person into another. It’s not the resemblance of a person that’s important, its the story.
Before we talk about how to approach practising people sketching I think it’s a good idea to look at some examples of the variety of ways different urban sketchers capture the human form and their story.
People Sketching Examples & Advice from Urban Sketchers
Let’s talk about some people sketchers by some of my favourite urban sketchers.
By looking at other people’s work and trying to understand their techniques and how they approach their sketches it can really help us to inform our own practice.
My favourite ‘people sketcher’ is Lynne Chapman. Based in Sheffield, UK, her sketches of commuters on trains drew me into the world of sketching people. It’s still not a skill I have mastered…or even practised much. I’m a bit overwhelmed when it comes to people. Give me a building any day. There is just something so wonderful about people sketching, I’m captivated. It’s certainly something I want to dedicate a lot more time and energy to.
It’s not the most realistic sketches of people that grab my attention, in fact, they are almost less likely to hold my attention. I am not that interested in realism. It’s the sketches that capture the spirit and the energy of the person that I am interested in.
How can I know about that person’s energy/spirit when I don’t know the person?
It’s almost indescribable (not useful for a blog post, I know) – it’s just a feeling I get.
You know what I mean right?
Lynne Chapman has a book called ‘Sketching People: An Urban Sketchers Manual to Drawing Figures and Faces’ which is available on Amazon. I actually found it in my local library in Wimbledon (London) a few years ago so if you’re short of cash and you have access to a library – definitely worth checking there! If you are serious about developing your people sketching skills, this is an amazing book, especially if you’re a fan of Lynne’s style of illustration.
Marc Taro Holmes
Marc Taro Holmes, along with Liz Steel, hosts a sketching challenge each year called “One week, 100 people”. As the name suggests, the challenge is to try and sketch 100 people in the space of one week.
Marc talks more about this people sketching challenge from the 4-minute mark onwards in his interview with Brenda Murry of Studio 56 in the video below.
Marc’s way of trying to fit sketching this many people into one week is to carry around a small (A6) sketchbook and draw in it with a fineliner pen (either a fountain pen or a technical pen like the Microns for example) as well as a brush pen for the shadows.
Marc recommends everyone start off this way, with simple materials that you can grab out of your pocket at a moments notice. This helps you to stop agonising over your sketches as you only have a thin line and a thick line. Because of this, you can focus on the storytelling aspect of your people sketches.
Marc’s approach to sketching people quickly is his ‘head and hands’ technique. He focuses on capturing these two elements first – who are they and what are they doing. Everything else comes later if there’s time. This is a really interesting take on how to sketch people quickly from life and capture the most important elements of the ‘story’.
When Marc is sketching just the heads of people, he advises focussing on the head shape and the hair shape – if you can get these shapes, then you can fill in the rest of the details and achieve a convincing sketch.
Marc has a course hosted on the platform Bluprint (formerly called Craftsy) called “Sketching People in Motion”. This was the first course I bought on the platform, many years ago. It’s an excellent overview of how to sketch people and I’d really recommended you check it out.
Bluprint is in a bit of flux currently (July 2020), they were closing down but now it seems they may remain open and revert back to the Craftsy brand. Watch that space. Hopefully, it means this course, along with all the other fantastic courses from Marc and other well-known urban sketchers will remain available to purchase.
Marc has a great book about urban sketching called The Urban Sketcher: Techniques for Seeing and Drawing on Location
Adebanji Alade was one of the first sketchers I came across who sketches people on public transport. I love the way he layers peoples faces across his sketchbook. He is not precious, you can see he is just sketching constantly to practice and improve.
As such Adebanji is one of the most prolific sketchers I’ve come across. He sketches obsessively. He is a self-proclaimed addict (to sketching). Which leads me on to mention he has just released a book, ‘The Addictive Sketcher’ which you can find on Amazon or if you want a signed copy, you can order directly from him here.
Adebanji has loads of Youtube videos, you can see him flip through one of his people sketching sketchbooks below:
If you want to see more photos of Adebanji’s sketches of people on public transport you can check out this page on his website.
Dwayne Bell is the senior lecturer in Illustration at Cumbria University in the UK. His Instagram feed is full to the brim with sketches of commuters, generally on the bus, which Dwayne sketches on his journey to and from work.
Dwayne also produces super interesting reportage projects, for more information you can check out my post on reportage illustration here.
Don Colley is another one of my favourite people sketchers. In the video below he explains how he deals with sketching someone who is constantly moving. He shows his sketchbook page of one a guy in a library and the different poses over time.
Don is endorsed by/represents Faber Castell. He is a big fan of their Pitt Artist pens to produce his people sketches. He uses an interesting technique where he smudges the ink with his thumb while it’s still wet. With this technique, he can achieve cool textures, whether on the skin or clothing.
I really enjoy Alvin’s Youtube videos showing him sketching people out and about in Singapore.
In the video below Alvin gives his 5 hacks to sketching people. While some of his advice is a bit obvious, some of the information is really useful. Simply just watching his time-lapse demonstrations is super interesting.
How to Get Started with People Sketching
There are many approaches to people sketching. You may wish to focus primarily on the face of a person like Lynne Chapman does in her commuter sketches. Or on the head and the hands like Marc Taro Holmes does in order to capture the story of what someone’s doing. Or perhaps you want to capture full figures in an abstracted way. As you’ve seen there is a magnitude of ways to go about sketching a person or people.
You could try:
- contour lines with a fountain pen, like Dwayne Bell.
- contour line and add shading with a grey marker (or diluted ink) like Adebanji Alade
- contour line and a black brush pen like Marc Taro Holmes
- watercolour silhouette like Trevor Waugh (see below)
When we are drawing people in day to day life, we don’t need to get anatomy entirely accurate. The fact they are wearing clothes masks some of the difficulties of anatomy and means we can actually get away with sketching the outline or contours of the clothes in order to form an accurate shape of the person.
I really enjoyed this video below by Patrick Ley-Greaves in which he demonstrates his ‘outlining technique’ when drawing people.
I think is a fun way to start drawing figures. Practice from some photos and see if this method works for you. The super fun part is adding the watercolour afterwards. It’s amazing how these sketches look with a bit of colour added. Notice that Patrick add some cast shadows to anchor the figure to the ground. This is an important part and something that is mentioned in the next videos I share below.
Patrick is also a teacher on Skillshare, he has 30 years of experience painting in watercolours and on location, you can join Skillshare with this link and get 2 months of premium membership for free.
Another factor which is key to capturing people convincingly is getting the lines of the shoulders and hips to convey the weight of the body. For example, someone may have their weight predominantly on one foot while they are standing still.
How does this affect the lines of the body?
You’ll find that when the shoulders are slanted in one direction, the hips will slant in the opposite direction. The way someone holds their posture can be very distinctive, it’s certainly something to look for when capturing figures.
Liron Yanconsky has a number of videos on people sketching. In the video below he really starts from the beginning, showing a similar outlining procedure to that of Patrick in the section above but also focussing on proportions.
Sketching proportions by constantly referencing elements and their spatial relation to other points in your sketch is such a valuable skill to develop and really helps to get things like perspective correct without having to know any of the rules (always handy)!
This is a really quick and beautiful way to capture figures. In the video below Anne Laure demonstrates how you can simply capture small silhouettes in both ink and then in watercolour. Skip to the 17 min 40 mark for the watercolour section.
For further inspiration sketching silhouettes purely in watercolour check out Trevor Waugh’s video below, there’s no instruction, it’s just a video of him painting many of these types of watercolour figures.
However, in part 2, Trevor talks through his materials and how to achieve these watercolour figures:
Trevor has some great pointers to help guide you to start painting people directly in watercolour:
- Don’t make the head too big
- Focus on proportions of the figure
- Utilise brush pressure – light pressure for small details and more pressure for larger areas such as the body.
- Let colours merge naturally on the paper
- Cast shadows help to anchor the figure on the ground
When you’re ready to take your watercolour silhouettes to the next level and add them into a full painting or scene, make sure to check our Trevor’s later 2 part video on how to do this. It’s not strictly something you may do as an urban sketcher but studying artists techniques across all disciplines can only help your urban sketching skills improve. Especially when it comes to watercolour techniques.
Where & How Do You Draw People in Real Life?
- Choose a crowded place where people are unlikely to notice you
- Find a place where you can sit with your back to a wall or somewhere people cannot pass behind you and see what you’re doing
- Observation of your subject is key but be subtle – sunglasses could work if appropriate
- Use a small sketchbook, balance it on your bag to keep it a little more out of sight
- Limit the materials you use, just use a pen or pencil, you can add colour later if you want
- Draw your friends – if you’re sitting around a table at a cafe, restaurant or in a park and hanging out, this is a good time to practice. You can obviously tell them what you’re doing, they’re more likely to not mind seeing as they know you!
- Draw friends of family members when you’re sitting around watching TV, they are more likely to be still too.
- Draw yourself sitting in front of a mirror.
- Draw someone when they’re driving
- Draw people while you’re in a waiting room such as for the doctor or dentist. This really helps to pass the time.
- Sketch commuters. I think this takes a bit of bravery, especially on the London Underground (tube) as people are crammed in so it’s easy for people to see what you’re doing. If you have more spacious public transport go for it. I find a ‘back of the head’ sketch just as intriguing as a sketch where you can see someones face.
- Remember Marc Taro Holme’s advice to capture the story of what someone is doing quickly – focus on the head and the hands.
The Ethics of People Sketching
Should you ask permission before sketching someone in public?
Most sketchers do not ask permission before sketching people. This is for multiple reasons.
- It’s a quick sketch for a few minutes and then the person is gone
- There’s not much resemblance so its not really much of an imposition
- People tend to stop acting naturally when they know they are being focussed on
- If you don’t say anything, most people don’t even notice you’re sketching them – so there’s no need to make them feel awkward
- Be sensible about who you are drawing: choose people further away from you, people who are very distracted by their phone or conversation, or people asleep, such as on a train or bus!
The only urban sketcher I have heard of that asks permission is Ian Fennelly but he very rarely tends to draw people, 90% of his sketches are of architecture.
Koosje from Sketchbook Skool actually covers this exact question in her video below:
Is it considered a bit strange to sketch strangers in a public place?
It’s not strange to sketch people in real life. It’s not the same thing as walking around taking photographs of people, which street photographers do! For a start, your sketch of someone is not going to depict the person accurately, no matter how good you are! Your sketch will only ever be an interpretation of that person.
Artists throughout the ages have sketched people from life. There’s no better training ground for capturing human poses than trying to sketch people quickly ‘in the wild’!
As per the advice above, be sensible and subtle as to who and where you’re sketching. I people do notice and look uncomfortable, stop drawing. Sometime people may come over to you and start up a conversation about what you’re doing. All you need to say is that you’re studying art and you have been set an assignment to capture human poses from life. There are not many people who could really be upset with that explanation.
Further Reading & Courses About People Sketching
If you have read some of my other posts you may know I am a big fan of Skillshare. James Richards has a great course about how to add figures into your urban sketches. For 2 months of premium membership for free, you can sign up here. That means for 2 whole months you can watch every single class on the platform for free before you have to pay at which point you can cancel or if you love it (like I do) you can carry on and pay month by month.
There are two courses I have taken to do with people sketching by two fantastic urban sketchers. These courses are of a super high standard and worth every penny.
I’m also a big fan of Sketchbook Skool and everything they do. They offer a course called ‘People Drawing People’ which looks really good. It features one of my absolute favourite sketchers, Felix Scheinburger. Along with other firm favourites such as France Van Stone and Vin Ganapathy.
I have not taken this course but Sketchbook Skool generally offers a very high standard of teaching so I’m sure it would be a good purchase if you like the look of the trailer below:
The Addictive Sketcher by Adebanji Alade
How to Sketch People by Liron Yanconsky
I hope this guide pulling together my favourite people sketching resources has been useful and inspires you to get out and start sketching humans in the wild! I know I’m keen. If you post your people sketches on Instagram make sure you tag @urbansketchingworld
If you want more urban sketching news, inspiration and to be kept up to date with my personal urban sketching projects make sure you join my newsletter but popping your email address in the box below. I email maximum twice a month, promise!